The Siberian cat belongs to the semi-longhaired breeds of cats. The breed has developed in a natural way and is distinguished with excellent health and adaptive character. As a breed, the Siberian cat has appeared on the territories of Siberia and the Far East, where the name of the breed originates from. The harsh meteorological conditions, the abundance of snow, the strong winds and the cold climate have contributed to the formation of a heavy coat, with thick undercoat, which keeps the Siberian cat warm in the cold. Wild forest cats have also played a role in the development of the breed. The first catteries of Siberian cats started operating during the eighties of the last century in Russia. The first standard of the Siberian breed was approved in 1990 by the Russian Feline Federation. The standard was officially registered in the WCF (World Cat Federation) in 1992. In 1994, the final standard was formed and the Siberian breed was acknowledged by international organizations, such as FIFe (Federation Internationale Feline), TICA (The International Cat Association), CFA (Cat Fanciers Association). TICA (The International Cat Association), CFA (Cat
The specimens from the Siberian breed are strong, with massive and muscled body and robust bone structure, varying in size from medium to large. The male Siberian cats generally weigh between 6 and 9 kg, and the females – between 3.5 and 7 kg. The Siberian cat matures relatively slowly, reaching full development of the body by the fifth year. The head has a trapezoidal shape, with softly rounded outlines, from medium to large in size, and it harmonizes with the rest of the body. The slow transition from the forehead to the nose, the low cheekbones, the strong chin and the slightly rounded cheeks give the Siberian cat an impressive expression. The ears are medium to large-sized, with good width between them and rounded tips, slightly tilting forward. Some of the Siberians have tufts on the tips of the ears, similar to the lynxes. The eyes are large, almost round, their colour might vary between green to yellow-brown and orange. The body has a medium size, strong and muscled. The legs are medium high with large round paws, adorned with tufts of fur between the toes. The tail is thick, broad in the base, slightly narrowing at the end, with rounded tip. The coat is semi-long and dense with water repellent qualities. The Siberians have well developed undercoat which is affected by season change – it gets thicker in winter, and in summer thins significantly during the moult. The hair is glossy and texture varies from soft to harder. The overcoat is longer around the neck, forming a beautiful mane. The coat of the Siberian cat does not require special care, as it does not mat. The Siberian cat standard permits all traditional colours with any amount of white. The specimens of the breed with colourpoint pattern and white colour are a separate subspecies, called Neva Masquerade cat.
Due to its natural origin, the Siberian cat is distinguished by a very good health.
The Siberian cat has a calm character, radiating nobility, bravery and pride, strength and tenderness. It attaches itself to the owner and with careful and calm approach is susceptible to education.
It has been discussed during the recent years that the Siberian cat is hypoallergenic. Despite the lack of scientific proof, many owners and breeders state that the Siberian cat is harmless for people, suffering from allergies. The reason for allergic reaction of people is the feline allergen Fel D1. During the tests, conducted to examine the level of this allergen, released by the Siberian cat, it has been determined that it is lower than the level, released by the other cat breeds.
You can learn more about the Siberian breed here: Siberian breed